What is Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy?
Cognitive – behavioural therapy (CBT) is based on theories of learning and the understanding of psychological defence mechanisms. Techniques focus on:
- Monitoring symptoms, thinking patterns, moods and situations;
- Learning new skills and techniques;
- Learning how thought patterns and pain symptoms can interact; and
- Practising certain skills and behaviours to better manage pain, such as coping skills and relaxation methods to help prepare for, and cope with, pain.
CBT is very goal-oriented and is typically used to help address specific problems.
Syrjala KL, Jensen MP, Mendoza ME, Yi JC, Fisher HM, Keefe FJ. Psychological and behavioral approaches to cancer pain management.
J Clin Oncol. 2014 Jun 1;32(16):1703-11. doi: 10.1200/JCO.2013.54.4825. Epub 2014 May 5.